What is the process of hedging in options trading?
Hedging using options is taking a position – or several positions – to offset the risk of an existing trade. It could be an existing options position, a derivative trade, or a financial investment.
Hedging trading tactics can’t completely eliminate your risk because achieving a net-zero effect is practically impossible, but they can keep it to a manageable level. Hedging is based on the idea that while one position loses value, the other (or positions) make a profit, resulting in a net zero effect, or even a net benefit.
Because options are such complicated instruments, it’s crucial to understand how they function before you begin hedging. Put options are more typically employed in hedging trading techniques since they allow you to create a position to sell the same asset you already hold, reducing your risk. Call options strategies, on the other hand, would follow the same rationale if you had a short position open — you’d open the opposite position, going long to counter risk.
When hedging in Options Trading, you must examine how large the trade’s premium is. It’s not worth it to initiate the trade if the expense of doing so will wipe out any potential returns from your hedging. However, if you can pay the fee and still end up with a zero balance – or even a profit – it’s a plan worth investigating.
Using share options to hedge an equity portfolio
Using options to protect a stock portfolio from risk is a very popular approach. While most investors aren’t concerned with short-term swings, hedging trading can help you make more money or lower your risk. Plus, you wouldn’t have to liquidate any of your stock holdings, thus losing out on long-term gains.
One of the best option trading strategies when it comes to equity is that you can open a short position on the same asset you possess, rather than opening a position in a non-correlated market.
Short-selling is a complicated approach, but both a long put and a short call allow you to profit from dropping markets. If you believe the value of a stock you hold will fall significantly before the option expires, this will generate a hedge. Long puts, on the other hand, are a popular way too short options because your risk is limited.
Hedging using Index Options
Many experts believe this to be the best option hedging strategy. Hedging in options trading with an index rather than initiating multiple positions to hedge each share you hold can be more efficient when managing a large stock portfolio. All you have to do is make sure the index matches the sector and weighted composition of your portfolio.
You might also have an ETF index position, which allows you to invest in an entire index without having to buy individual shares. Hedging using the appropriate index option is therefore an excellent approach to acquire one-for-one exposure to your present position.
Currency options as a hedge
A currency option allows you to sell a specific currency at a specific price before or on a set expiration date. You might want to hedge against an existing position on the same forex pair, or against currency exchange risk on an overseas transaction such as foreign shares, properties, or salaries.
A currency put option is a popular way to protect yourself against currency devaluation. You’d open a put option with a strike price below the current market level, and if the market fell below that strike price, you’d profit from the fall.
Commodity options as a hedge
Rather than the physical asset, the underlying of an options contract is usually a commodity futures contract. Options are a popular way to hedge against commodity risk since they can be settled in cash rather than physical delivery.
Companies that supply commodities frequently hedge with options because it allows them to lock in a price and safeguard their product from price fluctuations. For example, if a farmer wanted to protect their wheat crop from losing value, they could buy an option to sell it at the current market price.
The internet is filled with a plethora of information on the derivates and how you can leverage them, and it is very difficult to filter out what’s relevant. Here’s where we step in – check out the best online Options Trading Courses for Beginners at FinLearn Academy and learn the best options trading strategy to suit your needs!